Addison’s disease in pregnancy: Case report, management, and review of the literature

Margulies, Samantha L.*, Corrigan, K., Bathgate, S., Macri, C. | JNPM 2020;


BACKGROUND: Addison’s disease is an uncommon condition encountered during pregnancy; however, pregnant patients with Addison’s disease are at higher risk for multiple pregnancy related complications. Treatment during pregnancy involves steroid replacement therapy.

CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old previously healthy G2P1001 presented with lethargy, skin hyperpigmentation, polyuria, and salt craving. Laboratory evaluation showed hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, elevated ACTH, and low cortisol. The patient terminated the pregnancy due to her symptoms. She was then placed on a regimen of hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone, leading to symptom resolution. On second presentation as a G5P1031, her Addison’s disease was managed with hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. When Addison’s symptoms recurred, ACTH levels were checked to determine if her current medications could be optimized. She ultimately delivered a healthy male infant vaginally. For her third presentation as a G6P2032, her pregnancy was managed in a similar manner to the previous pregnancy.

CONCLUSION: There is currently minimal cohesive literature on the management of Addison’s disease during pregnancy. Patients can be managed successfully by monitoring for recurrence of Addison’s symptoms and adjusting medication dosing as needed.

*Corresponding Author: 

Samantha Margulies, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. E-mail: